Protection of Rule of Law While Protecting Rule of Law
Who Guards the Guardian?
Keywords:Rule of law, judicial review, Article 7 TEU, Conditionality regulation, EU Budget, European Union
The paper focuses on judicial review of political or quasi-political/quasi-legal decisions or other acts of the institutions of the EU involved in following procedures designed to protect the value of rule of law: a) mechanism for protection of values under Art. 7 of the Treaty on European Union and b) measures adopted within the conditionality for the protection of the EU budget (Regulation 2020/2029). At a first sight, the difference between the judicial review of measures aimed to protect rule of law in the Member States under Art. 7 TEU and under Regulation 2020/2029 can appear straightforward: a limited procedural review of measures adopted under Art 7 TEU due to specific powers stipulated in Art. 269 TFEU and full judicial review of measures adopted under Regulation 2020/2029. However, notwithstanding different structures, and uncertainties stemming from the wording of the Treaties, the Treaties provide a comprehensive framework of judicial control of analyzed types of measures aimed to avoid backsliding rule of law in the Member States
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